Select Page

Choir Anthem Does NOT Equal Congregational Arrangement

Choir Anthem Does NOT Equal Congregational Arrangement

One of the biggest killers of worship is singing congregational songs in keys not suited to the average singer. This problem most often arises in churches with more contemporary styles of worship since the traditional church usually sings from the hymnal, which usually is set in good congregational keys. However, I have witnessed a well-meaning practice in more traditional churches that is killing worship in those settings.

Just recently I attended a service that had a very good choir. To “enhance” the congregational singing that morning, choir anthems were being used as if they were special arrangements of the congregational songs. The problem is that most choir anthems are written for part singing with high and low voices such that the melody range is much higher (or of a wider range) than the average singer can accomplish. Of course this sounds great for a choir, but forcing the congregation to endure the pain is not so great.

That morning, we began with a great, newer hymn in a perfect key for the congregation. I was amazed at the power in the congregation’s singing as everyone seemed engaged. Then it happened–the modulations began. Eventually, the key was so high that many people had just quit singing; others were trying to drop the melody down an octave. By the end, most were just listening to the choir sing. What began as a wonderful congregational engagement in worship soon turned to frustration and eventual spectatorship, enjoying a good choir song. (One other annoying problem was that we were singing from hymnals, but the choir was singing different rhythms from what was on our page.)

The next song began in a key so high most could not reach the notes, so many immediately dropped the melody one octave. Modulations ensued, bringing the level of pain in the larynx to a high point or just a cessation of singing altogether. I could go on, but I think you get the picture.

cong-singI love great arrangements for congregational songs. It often helps breathe new life into a great text that may be so often sung without giving thought to the lyrics. It can provide a great environment for worship, encouraging greater participation by the people. BUT, we need to realize that choir anthems usually do not make good congregational arrangements. The melody range must be in the acceptable range for the average, congregational voice – A to D, with an occasional Eb.

Please do not inflict pain on your congregation. Please do not turn your congregation into an assembly of pew potatoes. Please take care in choosing congregational song arrangements that are in keys that promote participation in worship.

You can find great congregational hymn arrangements at,, and (be careful of the keys at PraiseCharts–they often have a choice of bad keys).

Where do you find good hymn arrangements?

About The Author

Kenny Lamm

Worship Consultant for the Baptist State Convention of North Carolina. A frequent worship clinician and guest worship leader. Extensive work in worship renewal in several Asian countries.


  1. Bart Richardson

    Kenny, I would also agree with Jerry that the most popular new songs have a tendency to avoid landing on the downbeat of the measures making it much more challenging rhythmically. I do agree that the 2008 hymnal does have most of the songs in more congregation friendly keys.

  2. Jerry Boor

    I so agree with you! But I would like to mention that many of the hymns from our older hymn books are written quite high! Probably plenty of sopranos in those days because nearly everyone in the congregation joined in the singing and many others were more accustomed to singing other parts. Another huge pet peeve of mine is when a projection system is used to display the lyrics, it’s rare that the person changing to a different part of the song does so timely. It needs to be done BEFORE arriving at the next phrase. Plus, over the years, I’ve noticed that a lot of the more modern songs have lousy timing! It might be fine for concerts, but for congregational singing, songs need to have regular and expected rhythms.

    • Kenny Lamm

      I agree, Jerry. Older hymnals often had songs in keys that are too high. Thankfully the new Baptist Hymnal has tried to take care of that issue. As for slide timing, I have a few posts on helping technicians do a better job. Take a look. Definitely, there are many modern songs that are not suitable for congregational singing. We need to put all potential songs through filters evaluating lyrics and music before bringing them to the congregation. Thanks for your comments!

  3. Kaye Cummings

    Wow….and ouch.


Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Answer Math Problem *

Free Social Media Shareables


Improving Your Worship Leading

Limited Resources




Connect With the Renewing Worship Facebook Page

Our Partners

Follow me on Twitter